Pythagorean Theorem. I’m mentioning
it here, together with the diagram. Thankfully, now I don’t have to
philosophical system taught by Pythagoras
(c. 560 – 480 BC) in many ways resembled the ways of the Kabbalah. I
already hear the objections – the Kabbalah is based on the Jewish
is monotheistic, whereas the Greeks of the 6th
century BC were
decisively polytheistic, worshipping their many gods, semi-divine
But if we stop to think about it we will realise that so did for
people living in the medieval Europe, who undoubtedly would have called
themselves Christians, but who went to pilgrimages while hallowing
various saints and had (still have) their places of worship dedicated
local saints. Moreover, what is the difference between a Christian
canonised for some act of martyrdom or a miracle that distinguished him
from the masses, and a Greek hero who too performed some heroic act?
made a personal sacrifice for the benefit of other human beings, and
been worshiped because of this deed.
could go even further. The system
based on the materialistic view of the world that was created by Marx,
until fairly recently represented the model for an “ideal” society in
former Soviet Union and its satellites (to some people it still does),
forged its own saints. In addition, it had been worshiping them in
to those of the old Egyptians, Greeks, Babylonians, etc. What
there between the Egyptian mastaba (left), the precursor of the pyramid, which
apparently built for the sole purpose of holding the body of a pharaoh
dignitary, and the mausoleum that was built on the Red Square in Moscow
Soviet dictator Lenin (right)? The point I’m trying to make here is that the
establishment would always know, or at least guess correctly, how the
folks” would think, be it in the ancient Egypt, Greece or Rome, in the
Europe, in America, India or China of the more recent times. After all,
the difference between a woman saying in church her prayers to Virgin
and another woman making her sacrifice to the Goddess Aphrodite in
thousand years ago? A god of the ancient times, a legendary hero, or a
saint, have all been subjected to worship, and this situation has not
at all even in our “enlightened” times, when politicians, pop music or
stars, are also being put on pedestals.
there were always been people walking on the surface of the Earth while
to such influences. We might call them the adepts, initiates, sages;
not significant. Important is that such people have always believed in
unifying creative force, which they may or may not call God. However,
well-organised and ever-vigilant forces of the Catholic
managed to drive all potential competitors from their territory and
to obliterate any memories that may have persisted in people’s minds.
some might have been labelled as “pagans,” especially by the orthodox
which would try to justify this by pointing to their having worshiped
one god. However, a great misunderstanding lies here. When a true
ancient Greece or Egypt speaks of “gods,” in the plural, unlike the
he actually means the various aspects of the one God, just as do the
Kabbalists, as we will see in this book. To an initiate such as
his disciples, trust in one God would have been far to sacred to even
about, let alone commit it to writing. The Pythagorians (just as the
Kabbalists) were secretive and strict, even to the point of not
neophytes speak at all for five years after they accepted them as
pupils. The new
disciples were called akousmatikoi
(the listeners) and they were only allowed to listen to what was being
them by their teacher and could not react to any of this verbally. Only
the initial period of their apprenticeship was over would their
them to ask questions.
of Samos was born around 560 BC and died approximately in 480 BC. Even
young man he would excel, and not only in maters of the spirit. This
verified any more, but according to some reports he had even won the
competition at one of the Olympic Games. He soon got into a conflict
tyrannical ruler of the island kingdom and left, to disappear from his
biographers’ radar for several decades. We can guess from what has come
from his teachings what the main influences might have been, and thus
map of his probable journeys. These almost certainly must have lead to
then to the Middle East and Persia, later perhaps even to India. He
been present in or around Babylon roughly about the period when the
Persia Darius I. permitted the captive Jews to return to Jerusalem and
the Second Temple. This was the time when the brew within the Kabbalah
had reappeared in Greece as a man of mature age. Probably around fifty,
had founded his famous school in Crotona, in southern Italy. The number
disciples in time had swelled to several hundred. So have the numbers
philosopher’s adversaries. Pythagoras had been teaching in Crotona for
thirty years, when the school was attacked and burned down by the
enemies. That happened around 480 BC, and many of his disciples were
Pythagoras himself appears to have escaped the massacre, nevertheless
the mist of secrecy that had shrouded even in the ancient times the
Pythagoras, we still get some glimpses of the Pythagorean doctrine,
through an “indiscretion” of one of the philosopher’s direct pupils,
GOLDEN VERSES OF PYTHAGORAS
bear in mind
that what follows here is a legend, which could have easily come from a
of some Neo-Platonic admirer of the philosopher of whom there were
According to it, some of Pythagoras’ pupils, those who had survived the
slaughter at Crotona, continued in the tradition of their master,
Greece, where the Pythagorean philosophy flourished for a further two
or so. Lysis of Tyrent, and who apparently belonged to the Master’s
circle of followers, was among the survivors. However, he had to
hard dilemma. All students of the master were required to take an oath
silence regarding the teachings and were not allowed to commit anything
had learned to writing. He was very much afraid that without any
records the immensely valuable knowledge might be lost forever. What
Lysis particularly was the fact that his master’s teachings had become
of slander and prejudices, after having been declared immoral by his
enemies. Nevertheless, he found a way out of this quandary. Part of the
Pythagorean doctrine stated that a person should always and under any
circumstances act in accordance to his principles and at his
Lysis interpreted as having been given the green light to go ahead and
down what he considered important from this philosophical system. This
is how Chrisa
Epe, or the Golden Verses epos, was supposedly born.
of Alexandria, a
philosopher of the 5th century AD, had copied
the Golden Verses and
provided them with a commentary; owing to him they have survived to the
times. From the writings of some of the philosophers of the antique
know that the followers of Pythagoras would have recited the Golden
a prayer every morning and evening. Even some of the great Roman
including Seneca, Cicero or Horace, who all flourished about half a
after Pythagoras, still maintained this ritual, as they all mention in
works. Even Galen, the prominent Roman physician and philosopher of
who lived in the second century AD and whose theories dominated Western
science for more than a thousand years, writes that he recites the
Verses twice a day.
the mystic and
occultist of the Napoleonic times, Fabre d’Olivet
we owe the French translation of the Golden Verses. I highly recommend
book; the author has provided here the verses with a comprehensive
which has become the basis of most modern translations and
commentaries. When I
made my recent translation into Czech, I too had used d’Olivet’s works
extensively. I also used them for this English translation, which is a
modernised version. The Pythagorean religious philosophy and the
a lot in common.
EPE — THE GOLDEN VERSES
to the Immortal Gods all that is due to them,
retain at all times your unfailing credence and faith.
the great Heroes and enlightened Sages,
who walked the same path of unending Glory.
good to your parents, spouse and your progeny,
a friend find yourself a person of truth and virtue,
whose councils you may profit in daily life,
allow a trifling matter spoil your friendship.
bear in mind that causes and effects are bound
by the strictest Law of Necessity.
main task is to fight and overcome those passions
could rule over you wildly and uncontrollably,
temperance and ward 0ff chievous anger,
nothing evil, in your home or to other people,
all things, you must respect your own person.
act suddenly and without deliberation,
things that you have laboriously gathered
lose their importance once death comes to you,
does not place value on wealth and affluence.
misfortunes visit you, endure them with patience,
trying to understand why they were sent your way,
that the wise man Gods will always safeguard.
are people who love the truth and others who hate it.
carefully before you decide which way you should go,
delusions rule people obscuring the light of truth,
aside and wait until it shines through once again.
to me and engrave these words into your heart,
all prejudice keep closed your eyes and ears,
deliberate, but don’t do what others say,
fools act without aim and proper course,
of the future, this is what life is about.
pretend that you know about things when it’s not true,
stop learning while always staying patient,
not lose your health needlessly through intemperance,
nourishment to the body and rest to the mind.
and overindulgence attract attention,
every excess peoples envy is attached,
pride and avarice are followed by punishment,
mean is the way you should always choose.
you close your eyes in the evening, ask yourself:
have I done successfully, what have I failed to do?
you could avoid mistakes and improve the good work.
upon my council and, learn them by heart,
they would ultimately lead you to the divine virtues,
I swear to you by him who has entrusted our souls
the sacred Tetraktis, that symbol immense and pure,
eternal source of all that flows within Nature.
you commence any work, ask the Gods for guidance,
with their help, you could have entered this journey,
their assistance, you could never reach your goals.
on their instructions, and nothing would deceive you.
will learn of the essence of beings that in their magnificence
over the spheres, high in heavens and down below.
their permission you will learn of the principles,
alike in everything govern the entire Nature,
to your true rights and obligations thus enlightened
will no longer be drowning your soul in vain desires.
the only and genuine reason,
should govern the lives of all human beings,
make you see through the evils that permeate them,
such are only of their own choice and desire,
the wretches their time and energy are wasting
looking elsewhere for the source, they bear within.
hardship and woe they attract to themselves
seesawing aimlessly on the waves of endless sea,
the blind waves taking them now up, now down again,
of resisting the storm or yielding to it.
God! Why do you not help them and open their eyes?
cannot be done. If the Divine force interfered
show humanity the way that leads to only truth,
might not be able to tell apart Good from Evil.
the Nature offers them such opportunity.
and happy man, take a short rest in its arms,
viewing the passage leading to heavenly spheres,
journey that once entered must never be abandoned.
on the course, while observing every day
set of laws I have just laid out in front of you.
the radiant Ether you will ascend,
the Immortals, yourself you will be a God!
indeed are very lucky
to have the Golden Verses in our times and be able to read them, though
suspect would do so twice a day, every day. One of the reasons I have
them here is to demonstrate how fickle the fate can be, and how much
luck is often needed if thoughts, ideas, knowledge systems, etc., are
survive in their treacherous journey across the abyss of time. Had
gone wrong, had for instance Lysis decided to stick to the oral
without writing anything down (if the legend is true), or had Hierocles’
work not been preserved in some medieval monastery, where some irksome
might have decided to dispose of it, we might have only heard about the
existence of the Golden Verses from some of the Romans, without
knowing what they were. However, is it just luck or capriciousness of
could perhaps be there a design? In another part of this book we will
dealing with synchronistic events and the part they play in people’s
particularly of those individuals who find themselves on the spiritual
can get some sort of
idea about the Pythagorean cosmology from the Golden Verses and the
commentaries. The Pythagoreans saw the Cosmos as formed from three
worlds. The elemental forces within the Nature manifesting as the four
of fire, water, air and earth — this is how the hermetical societies
even today. Interestingly, the ancient theory concerning the four
been revived by the more recent discoveries made by scientists. Some
physicists have noticed that certain forces (perhaps it would be better
call them “potential forces” or “tendencies”) present in the core of
display certain qualities, which could be, and naturally only very
approximately, be described as the elements of fire (thermal), water
(liquidity), air (torrential, kinetic) and earth (firm, constant). This
once again that the ancient mystic, the modern esotericist and the
scientist, could understand each other rather well. Always under the
that the latter is indeed open-minded, and not only a slave to the
method of thinking, which has been the way of science during the last
four elements interacting with the
three worlds result in the formation of twelve concentric circles.
the sacred science of numbers are paramount to the Pythagorean
whole cosmic system is inhabited by various beings that find themselves
various states of development. The higher the degree of a particular
development, the higher is its field of activity. The imperfect human
for instance, is confined to the lowest sphere only. The unknowable
which is the omnipotent Creator (it has already been stated that the
Pythagorean doctrine is essentially monotheistic), spreads over and
all the twelve spheres. In between these extremes the Pythagoreans
three main categories of beings. The highest of them are the immortal
traditionally inhabit the Mount Olympus. We might say that they are
with the Archons of the Gnostics. Slightly lower in the hierarchy stand
legendary heroes, who have almost reached the point of immortality.
are the souls of dead people that aspire to immortality. In the
they were called daimones (or daemons), demons in
the modern English.
This word originally meant semi-gods; only Christianity gave it its now
indelibly pejorative meaning, probably quite deliberately.
life on earth is a
kind of purification, according to Pythagoreans, and depending on the
purification reached by any individual soul, it finds itself in the
corresponding sphere in the next existence. We will see later that the
theosophists hold similar views, while the Kabbalists, who tend to
themselves more with the present, only hint at it. All these
religious/philosophical systems are at one when it comes to the soul’s
task during its stay on Earth. To put it simply: We are here to evolve!
d’Olivet divides the Golden Verses
into three parts, which he names Preparation, Purification
The whole poem is a list of advices aimed at the seekers of truth,
have resolved to enter the journey leading to the ultimate goal of all
Such a person would be quite aware of his/her situation and position
entire scheme. There isn’t much to say about what had lead a person to
decision to enter the path. It is highly individual, and Lysis’ advice
Retain your individuality; guard your credence and faith! To this he
you should hold in regard those who have walked here before you, those
reached the higher ends. We are unique beings, each of us has some
and some faults; our future journey will shape in accordance to this.
moment we have walked through the portal of the temple, where we have
our initiation, we have left behind the profane world, finding
ourselves in the
realm that belongs to the initiates of the Mysteries. There are
here; a different moral fundamental, different and higher demands that
have to meet with.
believed in the existence of a universal unifying principle, and knew
mankind tends to personify and worship its various attributes,
their place of birth, religion, customs, etc. The latter is secondary,
the Pythagorean philosopher is not a slave to any religious doctrine.
premise on which the future journey will be built is faith in the
begins by sorting out our
own life. There are duties that we have to acknowledge and fulfil;
include duties to our family. In our times this has become far more
than in times of Pythagoras or of the early Kabbalists. Family units
become unstable; many children grow up under the guardianship of only
parent, which in many cases is a matter of choice. It is hard to
where the society is headed in regard to this. In the era when the
embryology, genetic engineering, paternity tests, etc. were still
things of a
very distant future, Pythagoras could afford to be quite clear about
points. The basis of social order is love, to one’s mother, father,
etc., because only from here the path leads farther. Love to one’s
instance, is a secondary manifestation of love to one’s mother.
willingness to subject oneself to the laws of the land springs out of
well-developed sense of duty and love to one’s father.
family that we were
born to is ours and ours it will stay, no matter what we think about
whether we like it or not. Most people might think that it is a pure
which family we were born. It is not so in the Pythagorean concept.
modern psychologists are beginning to reassess what the so-called
really means, as we will see later. Pythagoras disallowed it
however. To him everything is the result of something; there always is
underlying reason! If something looks like a chance happening to us, it
so because we are unable to see the real causes. We might lack the
that only comes with age, or the chain of “coincidences” is too
entangled that we cannot see through it. Some of the cycles that rule
might be too large for us to realise that we have reached the beginning
new cycle. The Kabbalists with their “age discrimination in reverse”
may have a
point, after all.
place, time and circumstances of our
birth have their causes too, which means that we ourselves have had
to do with it. Consequently, we must have done that in some previous
Metempsychosis, transmigration of souls, is an integral part of the
doctrine. Technically the word metempsychosis should not be
with reincarnation, but this is not always adhered to. The former means
moving of the souls from any physical form to any other, the latter
movement from a human body into another human body. Because
metempsychosis is a
Greek word, the concept of transmigration of souls was erroneously
to Pythagoras by ignorant authors. However, we have already seen enough
doctrine to understand that it is all about evolution
of the human soul.
Evolution can only move in one direction — forward. Some authors on
subjects may suppose that in certain circumstances the human soul might
backwards and be reborn in an animal body, for instance as a kind of
punishment. There are no reasons to believe that Pythagoras would have
anything like this. The theory of metempsychosis or reincarnation
on the fringes of the Pythagorean doctrine. Like any true philosopher,
has foremost on mind the one life that we live. Though according to
some of his
biographers, Pythagoras was telling his pupils that he himself could
whole chain of previous lives, he did not recommend that they should
try for such recollections. Rudolf Steiner, whose
philosophy is similar
in many ways to that of Pythagoras, expresses the same opinion. Lethé,
the river of oblivion in the Greek mythology, from which every soul has
drink after passing onto the next world, has its purpose.
the moment of birth
(or rebirth, if you like), all that might have preceded it becomes
in any case. If we had some choice, if we took part in some process of
selection of our future parents, of our body and its genetic set-up,
there is nothing that could be done about it now. All this belongs to
restrictive Law of Necessity of the Golden Verses,
which is how Lysis
calls the law of cause and effect, and which we have to always obey.
is also shaped by another important factor — our will.
We may imagine
that after birth we are living in an enclosure surrounded by a strong
built by the law of necessity. Within that restricted space we can move
relatively freely and do so, mostly without even realising that we are
entirely free, and therefore making no attempts at scaling the fence or
under it. Some of us nevertheless know what is going on and want to get
the enclosure. The will that we have to employ while making such
either be beneficial to us, or harmful, depending on the circumstances.
will and necessity are like two arms of the law of higher order, which
Greeks called Nemesis and which is known the Indian
philosophers as dharma.
duties to our family are necessity,
and we have to simply accept it as it is, we are completely free to
friends. We can begin friendship with anybody, and we can also end
at any time. Lysis urges us that we do not do so for trifle reasons. We
choose a person of virtue for friend, so that we may profit from the
friendship. Pythagoras apparently looked at friendship as companionship
long journey, with the friends helping each other to reach the ultimate
which is honesty and generosity. The idiom “My friend is my other self”
been attributed to this philosopher. According to him, friendship is
simple association of two people; together with the expanding
spheres of the Pythagorean cosmogony, increased are also the reach and
importance of our friendly feelings. Eventually these include all the
turning into philanthropy.
will and its range
are similar. Many modern psychologists, particularly those belonging to
school of Sigmund Freud, virtually have given up on our instincts and
declaring them beyond human control. Freud saw in the libido, our
a driving force of our being. A wise man simply yields to them. An
follower of Darwinism has no other choice. If under his own belief he
evolved from an ape or some common ancestor, he has no reason or even
to subjecting his lower instincts to his own will. The evolutionary
almost certainly has its place on the material level, but the human
evolves within the frame of universal laws. These have higher aims and
is of a Divine origin, according to
Pythagoras, but also to C. G. Jung. We humans have received the gift of
will, which is capable of subduing our lower instincts. However, if a
to benefit from this gift, he or she must learn to control the
could tie us down even tighter than the cruellest of tyrannies that
ever known. He who overcomes the lower instincts and achieves inner
the other hand can shake off such a tyranny; in this the inner strength
saints, martyrs or dissidents lies. The Stoics and much later some of
Christians as well had tried to kill the human passions completely, by
practising asceticism. Pythagoras does not advice us to try this, it
appears that he condemned such practices. “Everything in moderation”
credo. There is a beautiful analogy to be found in the Greek mythology
shows us the nature of human passions. The hero Heracles while
complete one of his tasks (which symbolise the evolutionary journey of
soul) is compelled to challenge and kill the nine-headed Hydra.
place of each of the heads that Heracles cuts off, the monster grows
heads. The hero’s final solution is to singe the stamp left after the
off head with the burning torch — after that the new heads stopped
last of the heads nevertheless turned out to be immortal and Heracles
cut it off, burn, bury in ground and weight down with boulders, to stop
crawling out. The bile from the dead Hydra he used to quenching his
which caused incurable injuries to his adversaries and helped him to
some of his other tasks.
in this story is a
symbol of lower instincts, while the last immortal head is the most
of the instincts. A simple amputation is not enough to eradicate these
instincts; they would not only come back in the same way, as did the
heads, but grow even stronger. The burning torch that Heracles used to
his task symbolises the human will, which is the only force capable of
the unleashed human passions. In addition, such a victory will bring us
advantages; what remains, in this case the bile of the dead Hydra,
useful to us in other ways.
lower instincts we
have are products of the “necessity principle”, and as such we inherit
we can conquer them through the power of our will, they could be useful
particularly in doing common good. Similar motives are to be found in
mythological stories and fairy tales, such as The Beauty and the Beast,
the human will and kindness wins over the animal instincts. The Chinese
Kwan-Yin seated on the dragon that licks her hand, or the 8th
card trump with the woman and the tame lion at her feet, are more
be able to light up the torch of our free will, we need to have the
confidence. If we don’t trust ourselves, if we even dislike our own
could we value other things, how could we value other people?
avarice, irritability and imprudence as the main human vices. Their
denominator is injustice. If we are to avoid having such faults in our
personality, we need to cultivate the corresponding virtues;
temperance, caution. In particular, justice, which this philosopher
as the greatest virtue. Lysis warns us that whatever we have gained
injustice we are going to lose anyway, at the moment of our death.
encounter many obstacles on our
journey through life. The two main motives that influence our doings
necessity and will, as we already know. What ever happens to us does
by chance, however. This rule can be applied to every step we make,
event, even those trifle happenings that we tend to dismiss. On the
it also affects the most important turning points that we encounter,
far-reaching decisions that we have to make. This is all caused by our
acting in the sphere of Nemesis/Dharma/Necessity. The Goddess of
has measured it out for us individually, and our will would either
her laws or oppose them. If it is in tune with the laws of Themis, the
she holds will not move and Good will be the result. If it is
Evil will be born. We humans are in essence Trinitarian beings, on our
through life we have at our disposal three senses or forces that act in
with our will. The first of these forces is particularly concerned with
maintaining our physical existence, our body — is devoted to our soul
and it is
our human virtue. The third force looks after our intelligence and it
wisdom. All three forces are basically neutral in their nature; it is
up to us
what we do with them. If we misuse them, out come their negative
which case self-preservation, virtue and wisdom become cruelty, vice
self-preservation interprets sense of physical good or evil as either
or pain, similarly the soul perceives the two positive or negative as
hatred, while wisdom distinguishes between truth and lie. Depending on
do with these senses the ruling will might become prudent or callous,
or depraved, wise or negligent. Because of this it is advisable to try
discern between good and evil whenever we can and look behind for the
Consequently, before one gets angry over the “bad luck” that always
follow him or her, it would be good to realise that the aches and pains
trouble him were of his own making. To the Pythagorean philosopher
pain thus isn’t a true evil. The true evil are the lies, vices, errors
that on his own accord he allowed to happen, as a result of fragility
will. Physical or even mental pain can thus be a blessing, provided it
accompanied by virtue. As Lysis says, “The gods will always safeguard”
who understand that they are the only true begetters of evil that gets
is the Kabbalah, the
Pythagorean philosophy too is based on numbers. After the number One,
endless and unknowable Divinity that by itself is incapable of
comes duality, number Two. It is formed by division of original Unity,
has created an opposition to itself. The Father principle is thus
the Mother principle, light from darkness, good from evil, etc. Duality
the primary characteristic that rules the world, and there is a
struggle between the pairs of opposite. The Gnostic philosophers knew
much of their religious philosophy is based on concept of duality.
sources were mostly the Neo-Platonists, who derived a great deal of
philosophy from the Pythagoreans.
similarities with the Kabbalah that can be found in the cosmogony of
Pythagoras. To him, the Universe is one is one living oneness. The
beings that inhabit it have their precisely defined spheres of
depending on their degree of development. The entire system is based on
numbers. The unknowable source is number one, the Monad,
endless potential. From the Unity, duality emerges, the way of its
was most severely guarded secret of the Pythagoreans. The main building
are the first four numbers, which form the quaternion or Tetraktys.
latter is the basis of all manifestation, because it contains all the
digit numbers, as well as the final number ten and even the perfect
someone unfamiliar with the Pythagorean numerical system this might
surprising. We are used to envisage the number system linearly and each
separately. A Pythagorean however takes into account not only the
number, but also its potential value, which is given by its numerical
well as sum-up of all numbers that precede it. When the total value
nine, it is reduced to a single digit number by adding-up all its
digit, be it
two, three or more.
example: 342 =
3+4+2 = 9 The total value of number 342
is therefore 9.
example: 597 =
5+9+7 = 21. Because 21 is a two digit number, it has to be reduced
= 3. The total value of number 597 therefore is 3.
not a true number,
because it potentially contains the entire creation. Even TWO
given the status of a number, being rather a temporary state of the
act of creation, after the one, or the monad, became polarised. Only in
we have the first true number. It is also the first odd number, if we
three. When we add one to an odd number we get an even number and
is the first true even number. The even numbers can be divided into two
parts (4 = 2+2), but also into two unequal parts (4 = 3+1). Odd numbers
only be divided into unequal parts.
Anthropomorphically illustrated, we can
imagine ONE as the progenitor and TWO as the progenitress. The union of
TWO produces THREE, the first son — the odd numbers are of male gender.
and even number is feminine and represents the whole of nature. The
THREE and FOUR produces SEVEN , the basis of natural harmony. The
consists of seven tones and its origin is attributed to Pythagoras.
multiply THREE with FOUR we get TWELVE — this number symbolizes the
The perfect number is TEN, because it
represents return to the original Unity (10 = 1+0 = 1). This perfect
however is already potentially contained in FOUR, the Tetraktys. When
the first four numbers, the result is TEN. TEN of course can be reduced
1 + 2 +
3 + 4 = 10 = 1
In this equation, we can find the
the whole Pythagorean philosophy. Tetraktys is often graphically
ten points arranged into the shape of isosceles or rectangular
students of Pythagoras were apparently being sworn to this sacred
during the initiatory ceremonies. Some orders of occult character
tradition even today.
TO: THE TAROT