Voyen Koreis





INTRODUCTION


1. WHAT IS KABBALAH?

2. OTHER PATHS TO KNOWLEDGE

3. PYTHAGORAS

4. THE TAROT

5. ADAM KADMON

6. ACT OF CREATION

7. THE TREE OF LIFE

8. THE FOUR WORLDS

9. HOD & NETZAH

 10. LIFE IS EVERYWHERE

11. LIFE AND DEATH

12. REINCARNATION

13. PSYCHOLOGY

14. THE VITAL PRINCIPLE

15. SYNCHRONICITY

16. TZIM-TZUM

17. BODIES OF MAN

18. HUMAN MIND

19. LILITH

20. KNOWLEDGE

21. OF ANGELS AND MEN

22. CREATION IN  GENESIS 2

23. THE LETTER YOD

24. TWENTY-TWO LETTERS

25. THE NAME OF GOD

26. THE ZOHAR

27. ABRAHAM AND SARAH

28. THE HEBREW LANGUAGE

29. THE PATRIARCHS

30. MALKHUT - THE LAST SEPHIRA

31 THE MYSTICAL KABBALAH

32. BETH – THE FIRST LETTER










INTRODUCTION


1. WHAT IS KABBALAH?

2. OTHER PATHS TO KNOWLEDGE

3. PYTHAGORAS

4. THE TAROT

5. ADAM KADMON

6. ACT OF CREATION

7. THE TREE OF LIFE

8. THE FOUR WORLDS

9. HOD & NETZAH

 10. LIFE IS EVERYWHERE

11. LIFE AND DEATH

12. REINCARNATION

13. PSYCHOLOGY

14. THE VITAL PRINCIPLE

15. SYNCHRONICITY

16. TZIM-TZUM

17. BODIES OF MAN

18. HUMAN MIND

19. LILITH

20. KNOWLEDGE

21. OF ANGELS AND MEN

22. CREATION IN  GENESIS 2

23. THE LETTER YOD

24. TWENTY-TWO LETTERS

25. THE NAME OF GOD

26. THE ZOHAR

27. ABRAHAM AND SARAH

28. THE HEBREW LANGUAGE

29. THE PATRIARCHS

30. MALKHUT - THE LAST SEPHIRA

31 THE MYSTICAL KABBALAH

32. BETH – THE FIRST LETTER




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23. THE LETTER YOD

 

Yod, being the smallest letter of the Hebrew alphabet, represents the spiritual, all which is beyond the physical, yet it plays the most important rôle in the whole of Creation. Yod represents a mere dot, iota (this Greek word obviously is a close relative of Yod), a little speck, a tiny point in which all the divine energy of Creation is concentrated. The name of the letter Yod, when pronounced is spelled thus:

 

 

or Yod, Vav, Daleth. Yod means “arm” or “hand” (as in hand of Creator). In this word, Yod itself looks like a tiny drop of water (energy) that is about to descend. The letter Vav next to it is a continuation of Yod, beginning with the same shape, but elongated, as if reaching into the darkness (that) was upon the face of the deep, forming the whole letter, sometimes also called the hook of Creation. Finally, in the letter Daleth (also called the Doorway of Creation) the lower part, another Vav, makes the horizontal movement, thus adding another dimension. Thus when we pronounce the word Yod, the name of this letter, in it concealed is the whole scheme of Creation…

This letter has a beautiful and elegant shape, with a particular appeal to artists. The letter Yod represents the sephira Chokmah. According to the Kabbalah, the letters of the alphabet were used in the creation of the world; in other words, language develops at the same time as spirituality involutes into the manifestation. This is reflected in some key words and expressions in the Old Testament, for instance in the utterance:

 

Let there be light: and there was light (yehi-or vayehi-or)

 

        This, in itself, is a creative act.  The combination of letters in the word “firmament”, Shamaim is another example:

 

 

Shamaim (Shin, Mem, Yod, Mem final) is an aggregation of two words, Aish (fire) and Maim (water). The firmament thus is a combination of the spiritual fire with the spiritual water. It is then said that God divided water from the heavens. The creation of the “firmament” is obviously important; it is some part of the cosmic structure created with the letters. We use the chemical formula H2O for water. In Hebrew, the word for water is Maim:

 

 

spelled with Mem, Yod, Mem final. It means two feminine letters surrounding one masculine letter, which is really the same thing as the scientific description of water as the combination of two atoms of hydrogen with one of oxygen.

        The letter Yod has the numerical value of 10, it means “hand”, it denotes power, and also possession. The two hands with ten fingers are the main tools of man; we do everything with our hands, hands are thus in reality instruments of the mind. Everything we do originates in our thoughts, but hand is the manifestation of these thoughts. An open hand is giving; it shows generosity. A closed hand is clinging to possessions; it is ownership. At birth, a baby’s hands are clenched; the newly born person with the clenched fists displays the need to receive as much as possible, the desire for being possessive. William Blake said:

 

To see a World in a Grain of Sand

And a Heaven in a Wild Flower

Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand

And Eternity in an hour.

 

        At death, the hands are open in a rigid fashion, letting everything that is physical go; not taking anything that is palpable and tangible from this world. Material possessions and even knowledge of this world, however numerous and large, have no value whatsoever, unless they be integrated into our actions, into our relationships with other human beings. The path of the Kabbalah is more concerned with the spiritual development of a human being then with the intellectual advancement, while these two often go hand in hand. It is only in the relationship with other human beings that we can develop ourselves spiritually, because then we apply our knowledge, apply our intelligence; make a proper use of our possessions.

The one who robs people of their property can never be satisfied; there will always be a feeling that more could be stolen. On the other hand, even a small amount given brings satisfaction, self-confidence. Giving, does not always mean imparting a material present, it can also be in simply giving someone a smile, in making someone feel good, in being courteous to others, etc.

The word Yad (hand) is made of Yod and Daleth, numerical value 10 + 4 = 14. There are fourteen knuckles on our hand, three on each finger and two on our thumb. Also, if we clench both our hands and hold them in front of us, we see eight hills (four on top of each hand) and six valleys, fourteen in total.  Hand is power; it is also strength. “Strength” in Hebrew is Koach, (Kaph, Chet), its value is 20 + 8 = 28. Twenty-eight is the double of fourteen, it is the power of both hands, of two sets of fourteen knuckles.

Still staying with this amazing letter; another way of looking at Yod is as it being composed of three parts; the upper prong, which points toward the Creator, the lower part, which points toward earth, and the middle part, which unifies all the parts.

The numerical value of Yod is ten, which also means completion. From W. Wynn Westcott and his Numbers: Their Occult Power And Mystic Virtues I have selected some examples that show the importance of the number ten:

 

“…All complete” or “fully accomplished,” is the grand summit of numbers, which once reached cannot be passed. To increase the sum we must retrograde to the Monad. It is the sum of the units of the number four a holy and Deistic number, thus 4+3+2+1= 10 and thus ten gains splendour from its parentage.

Under ten also falls the mention of the Pythagorean Triangle, Tetractys, consisting of an equilateral Triangle enclosing ten Yods (above). Thus the upper is the Monad, the second line the Dyad, the third the Triad, and the fourth the Quaternary or Tetrad thus representing the four forms of point, line, superficies and solid.

A similar form is given by Hebrew Kabbalists to form 72, the deity number, by placing in a triangle four Yods, three Hes, two Vavs and one He final, being the letters IHVH of the Tetragrammaton; or they may be put conversely.

In the Bible, we notice ten Commandments, ten instruments to which Jewish Psalms were sung, ten strings in the Psaltery, and that the Holy Ghost descended ten days after the Ascension. Apuleius states that among the Egyptians it was customary to fast ten days before sacrificing and Budge says that they used a ten-day week.

Hebrew and Talmudic references are as follows: ten men were necessary to form a legally convened meeting at the Synagogue. Ten things were created during the twilight of the first Sabbath eve. Ten facts proved the presence of a Supernatural Power in the Temple. The Rabbis taught that a man should divorce his wife if for ten years she had no offspring. At funerals, condolences were recited by ten men, and at weddings by ten men including the bridegroom. Ten cups were drunk at a funeral party— three before supper, three at supper and four after the meal at the recitation of the four blessings. Abraham was tested ten times; ten Miracles were performed in Egypt to help the Children of Israel, and ten at the Red Sea. Ten plagues were made to afflict the Egyptians. Ten times the Jews offended God in the Wilderness. There are ten Hebrew words to designate Idols and ten for Joy. Sodom was to be spared for ten righteous men; Gideon took ten servants to destroy the Altar of Baal; Boaz chose ten witnesses for his marriage with Ruth; Joab’s armour was borne by ten young men. Jesus speaks of ten talents, ten cities, ten pieces of silver and gave a parable of ten Virgins. The Tabernacle has many ten dimensions. There are ten Bible names of God, ten Canticles, and ten necessaries for man’s life. Etc.

 

Letter Yod, which represents number ten, also depicts all the ten sephiroth. As I have elsewhere indicated, Kether, the Crown, is more like a passage, a ring through which the creative energies pour in. In Chokhmah we have the first of the manifested sephiroth that presides over the rest; Chokhmah is therefore expressed by the letter Yod. In other words, Chokhmah is the Father, while Binah is the Mother. The three highest sephiroth, Kether, Chokhmah and Binah are called the Supernals, because as humans we cannot penetrate into their meaning, unless we fulfil certain conditions that enable us to move to a higher level of being.  The focus of our concern therefore must be in the seven lower sephiroth, Chesed, Geburah, Tiferet, Netzah, Hod, Yesod and Malkhut.

 

YOD - NEED OF HUMILITY

Even though Yod is the smallest letter of the Hebrew alphabet, still the highest, the greatest, the most majestic concept man can imagine, the idea of a Creator, is represented by this letter. All the light, life, creative energy, all this comes to us through letter Yod, which we can imagine as an infinitely small dot. Those who advance spiritually come to understand this concept and it makes them only feel more humble. Humility is thus an essential part of spiritual advancement. The world’s great religious systems usually recognise the need for humility and sometimes we find it embedded in some traditional ceremonials, like the Pope’s annual ritual washing of the feet of the believers, which is part of the Easter celebration televised all over the world, but unfortunately, the real meaning of this mostly gets lost in all the pomp and decorum that surround such rituals. In minuteness lies essence, free of the ballast of time, space and matter.

Greatness and importance is achieved through humility. The road to greatness lies in humble self-abasement. This is also why such a relatively small mountain, Mount Sinai, was chosen as the location on which the bond between God and man would be consummated, where the Creator of man made himself known to man as he has given man his commandments.  He also chose the humblest of humble men, Moses, as the intermediary. In Numbers, 12:3 it is said:

 

Now the man Moses was very meek, above all the men, which were upon the face of the earth.

 

The Almighty also chose the smallest nation and the most unlikely nation, to receive and propound the law.  At the time of Exodus, Israelites were not really a nation, hardly even a tribe, but rather a conglomeration of a few families of nomads. God chose these people, in the middle of nowhere, to give them the greatest law, the book of Moses, the Pentateuch. 

Everything has its negative side; this applies also to humility. The picture that perhaps best expresses this truth comes from the book Turis Babel by Athanasius Kircher (1601-1680), which is the history of the Tower of Babel. The illustration (on the next page) was engraved by C. Decker. The story of building of the tower of Babel and subsequent confusion of the languages appears very early in Bible, in Genesis 11, shortly after the story of Noah and the flood. Obviously, the flood was not enough to make people behave more modestly, and there was a need for another hefty lesson on part of YHVH.

 

 The Tower of Babylon

This was only a small example of the intricacies of the Hebrew alphabet. This is why this alphabet is considered to be mystical and sacred, why it is said to have been given to man complete with its meaning, its numbers and everything. It represents the forces that were used in creating the Universe, which were transliterated into an alphabet that can be worked by us. With some knowledge of Gematria (the science of letters & numbers), and its relatives Notaricon and Temura, many of the mysteries hidden in the Bible can be unraveled.

TO: 24. TWENTY-TWO LETTERS


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