than five thousand times in the Bible we encounter the name of God of
which the Kabbalists call the Tetragrammaton, or quadrilateral name.
other divine names, such as ADNI (Adonai), AHIH, and AGLA, which also
four letters, but there is only one Tetragrammaton. It is spelt
in English letters, I-H-V-H (or Y-H-V-H). The Kabbalists hold it that
is unpronounceable and therefore it is normally spelled out rather than
pronounced, any attempts at which are considered a sacrilege. The only
who knew the correct pronunciation was the High Priest of the Temple,
it only on special occasions. According to the tradition, to be able to
pronounce this name means to possess a key to all wisdom. The word is a
behind which the profoundest mysteries of the Kabbalistic doctrine are
Foster Case in his Introduction to the Study of the Tarot (Booksplendour
2008) suggests these
ideas associated with each of the letters of the Tetragrammaton, to be
subject of meditation.
hand; creation, executive, realisation; Mexican, Hindu, Persian, and
symbol of God. In the Zohar, divine royalty, typified by the rod of
(Eliphas Levi); the active principle of all things (Papus); Spirit,
Prana, or Pneuma, the “life-breath”; inmost principle of man, the Ego,
Purusha by Hindus.
window; suggests (1) admission of light and air into a building, and
means of outlook, which enables those within to see what happens
first implicit represents movement from a circumference to a center, or
involution; the second stands for motion from within outward, or
Kabbalists call He “the Mother,” and say creation took place therewith.
It is a
sign of instrumentality, of the universal passive principle, the
is the Prakriti, or Great Mother, of the Hindus.
nail, or hook; fastening, junction, binding, suspension. In the
that which joins Yod to He. The link between Essence (Purusha) and
(Prakriti) i. e., Motion or Force. According to Papus, Vav denotes the
universal, passive-active, formative power.
the Tetragrammaton the second He represents the second implicit of the
letter-name. It is a sign of evolution, of transmission from one cycle,
plane, of activity to another. Papus compares it to a grain of wheat
to the ear, and calls it a Yod in germ — a synthesis of the first three
letters, a concentration of their potentialities. It is a sign of Form,
combines Essence, Substance, and Activity.
digesting the foregoing interpretation of the letters the student will
trouble to understand the following table:
is a symbol for the active principle of all things, which must be a
unity. It has the numerical value of ten, but 10 consisting of 1+0 and
therefore is 1.
the universal passive principle,
opposing the active Yod, and even suggesting an invitation to a union
Yod (the opening near the top)
is a sign of the union of Yod and He
(Yod = 10, He
= 5; Yod + He = 10 + 5 = 15 = 1 + 5 = 6, the
numerical value of Vav),
is analogous to 3, which is the sum of 1 and 2.
as the second He is a Yod
in germ, so is 4 a potential 1:
for by that process of occult mathematics called “theosophical
4=1+2+3+4=10, and by reduction 10=1+0=1.
a potential 1, the number 4 may be thought of as beginning a second
integers — 4, 5, 6, and 7. In this quaternary, 7 is the second He.
it is also a Yod in germ. It returns to unity just
as 4 does, for it
extends to 28=2+8=10.
occultists take it as the initial figure of a third quaternary — 7, 8,
10 is like 4 and 7. It returns to unity at once, by reduction, and its
extension is 55=5+5=10=1+0=1.
arranging the four letters YHVH in the form of the Pythagorean
again), the 72 powers of the Great Name of God are manifested:
10 = 10
5+10 = 15
V H Y
6+5+10 = 21
H V H Y
5+6=5+10 = 26
The Great Name
of God = 72
the four letters of the Tetragrammaton arranged in the following way
the image of the Creator and of man.
is a system by which a numerical value is assigned to letters of the
It was known to and used by the Greeks as well as the Kabbalists; the
Gematria probably comes from Geometria, or geometry. Gematria is a
straightforward method, by which the numerical value of a word is
and then the word is compared with other words bearing the same
value. A couple of examples in this place should give you some ideas.
words, Ruach Elohim, spelled Resh (200)
Vav (6), Chet (8), Aleph (1),
Lamed (30), He (5), Yod(10), Mem (40), mean
The Spirit of God. When the
values of individual letters are
added together they give the total of 300, the same as the letter Shin,
which is associated with the element fire, and which according to
therefore have been the main instrument of Creation.
another example we can take the word “messiah,” spelled in Hebrew with Mem
(40), Shin (300), Yod (10), Chet (8). This gives us the total
The phrase “iba Shiloh,” (Shiloh shall come) spelled with Yod
(2), Aleph (1), Shin (300), Yod (10), Lamed (30), He (5) has
the same value
of 358, and thus there is deemed to be a relation, and the verse in
sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his
until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering
of the people be.
considered to be a prophesy of the Messiah. Interestingly, when Aaron
rod at the feet of the Pharaoh in Exodus 7:10 —
Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so as the LORD had
commanded: and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh, and before his
and it became a serpent.
becomes a serpent “Nachash,” Nun (50), Chet (8), Shin (300),
same numerical value of 358. Thus there must be a connection between
Messiah, Shiloh, and the Serpent of Moses, just inviting a mystical
interpretation, at least this is what Gematria tells us.
the Notaricon and Temura, let’s once again give the word to William
Westcott, who wrote this in his Introduction to the Study of the
or abbreviation, is of two forms; one word is formed from the initial
letters of one or more words; or the letters of one name are taken as
initials or finals of the words of a sentence. For example, in Deut. 30
Moses asks, Who shall go up for us to Heaven? The initial letters of
original words MI IOLH LNV HShMILH, form the word MILH, mylah, which
circumcision, and the final letters are IHVH, the name Jehovah: hence
suggested that circumcision was a feature of the way to God in heaven.
AMN is from the initials of Adonai melekh namen. “The Lord and faithful
and the famous Rabbinic word of power used for talismans AGLA is formed
initials of the words “Ateh gibur leolam Adonai,” “The Lord ever
Tu potens in saeculum Dominine.
is a more complex procedure and has led to an immense variety of
of divination: the letters of a word are transposed according to
and with many limitations: or again, the letters of a word are replaced
other letters as arranged by a definite scheme, often shown in a
example, a common form was to write one half of the alphabet over the
reverse order, and so the first letter A was replaced by the last T,
and B by
Shin, and so on. On this plan the word Sheshak of Jeremiah 25 v. 26, is
mean Babel: this permutation was known as ATBSh, atbash. On this
find twenty-one other possible forms named in order Albat, Abgat,
complete set was called “The combinations of Tziruph.” Other forms were
rational, right, averse and irregular, obtained from a square of 22
each direction, that is of 484 secondary squares, and then putting a
each square in order up and down, and then reading across or
Of this type is the so-called “Kabbalah of Nine Chambers” of the Mark
this I have to add that the Mark Masons’ degree follows the three basic
degrees; it could therefore be called the 4th
degree in Masonry and
the first of the higher degrees.
CHING, THE CHINESE ORACLE
A question may
be asked: are we dealing with superstitions, are these rules open to
possible interpretations? Can we, for instance, leave the sacred book
underneath and not on top as it should be, and then try to justify it
that the word of God it contains is the root of everything?
The answer to
this is: No. We cannot rationalise this word; there are certain rules
remain unchanged, rituals that have to be retained. For an example we
at I Ching, the Chinese book of oracles. From the Wilhelm-Baynes
the Book of Changes we reprint the commentary:
The hexagram number 11 is called T’AI.
- the Receptive,
The trigram below: CH’IEN
Receptive, which moves downward, stands above; the Creative, which
upward, is below. Hence their influences meet and are in harmony, so
living things bloom and prosper. This hexagram belongs to the first
(February-March), at which time the forces of nature prepare the new
hexagram denotes a time in nature when
heaven seems to be on earth. Heaven has placed itself beneath the
earth, and so
their powers unite in deep harmony, then peace and blessing descend
the world of man it is a time of social
harmony; those in high places show favour to the lowly, and the lowly
inferior in their turn are well disposed toward the highly placed.
There is an
end to all feuds.
at the center, in the key position, is
the light principle; the dark principle is outside. Thus the light has
powerful influence, while the dark is submissive. in this way each
due. When the good elements of society occupy a central position and
control, the evil elements come under their influence and change for
better. When the spirit of heaven rules in man, his animal nature also
under its influence and takes its appropriate place.
individual lines enter the hexagram from
below and leave it again at the top, here the small, weak, and evil
are about to take their departure, while the great, strong, and good
are moving up. This brings good fortune and success.
next hexagram is made up from the same trigrams, but in the reverse
order - the
commentary is nowhere near as optimistic:
Number 12, is called PI.
The trigram above: CH’IEN
- the Creative, Heaven
- the Receptive,
Heaven is above, drawing
farther and farther away, while the earth below sinks farther into the
The creative powers are not in relation. It is a time of standstill and
decline. This hexagram is linked with the seventh month
when the year has passed its zenith and autumnal decay is setting in.
Evil people do not further
The perseverance of the
The great departs; the small
earth are out of communion and all things are benumbed. What is above
has no relation
to what is below, and on earth confusion and disorder prevail. The dark
is within, the light power is without. Weakness is within, harshness
Within are the inferior, and without are the superior. The way of
people is in ascent; the way of superior people is on the decline. But
superior people do not allow themselves to be turned from their
the possibility of exerting influences is closed to them, they
remain faithful to their principles and withdraw into seclusion.
can see that when the trigram of the Earth (represented by three open
above the trigram of Heaven (three solid lines), it is a desirable
because that which is receptive is moving downwards while the creative
moving upwards, meeting in the middle and creating harmony in which all
things bloom and prosper. If, on the other hand, we find the trigram of
above the earth trigram, contrary to expectations, such situation is
desirable; heaven and the earth are seen as moving away from each
resulting in stagnation. The Kabbalistic Tree of Life is also concerned
balance, with upward and downward movement of forces, meeting in
the centre of the tree.
Lord did not set his love upon you, nor chose you, because ye were more
number then any people; for ye were the fewest of all people:” (Deut.
himself, will be raised. When we are on the path to study the sacred
have to develop humility, so that we would be open to the truth, while
constantly seeking to improve and defend our own opinion about things.
develop this humility, we also develop the constructive receptivity.
who is more advanced then we are, taps directly from the source, if he
genuine. The test is one of humbleness and lack of self-interest.
TO: 26. THE ZOHAR